Its National Dog Day: Nine Great Reasons Why You Must Have A Pet Dog
Health
iblogauthor
August 27, 2014
0

Pet Dog

“A dog is the only thing on earth that loves you more than he loves himself.” ― Josh Billings

They are cuddly, enthusiastic and cutest furry animals that make your life happier. A dog is indeed man’s best friend. We all have read about dog’s loyalty and nobility since childhood. It’s time to celebrate friendship you cherish with your dog on National Dog Day. (more…)

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#EbolaOutbreak 2014: History, Symptoms, and Precautions
Health
iblogauthor
August 11, 2014
1

Ebola outbreak is the world deadliest and largest ever health concern, hails from Africa. World Health Organization declared Ebola Outbreak as one of the deadliest health emergency in West Africa, which raised concerns all over the world.

Cycles of Ebola Virus

Hundreds of people suffered from the virus, which spread through entire West Africa. First case was traced in Guinea in March but soon spread to Liberia and Sierra Leone.

This deadly virus cause severe breakdown of immune system, bleeding, affect the level of blood-clotting cells, and damages the nervous system. There is no vaccination against it.
According to United Nations, around 961 people have died in Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea and Nigeria.

What is Ebola?

Ebola virus also known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever is a fatal illness in humans. Ebola was first traced in 1976 in Sudan and Democratic Republic of Congo. The latter it spread to village near the Ebola River from where the virus gets its name. There are five distinct species of the virus:

  • Bundibugyo ebola virus (BDBV)
  • Zaire ebola virus (EBOV)
  • Reston ebola virus (RESTV)
  • Sudan ebola virus (SUDV)
  • Taï Forest ebola virus (TAFV)

The Zaire ebolavirus is the most dangerous of all species. BDBV, EBOV, and SUDV are found in Africa, whereas the RESTV species are tracked in China and Philippines. It can infect people, but no fatal death is reported.

Causes

Ebola is transmitted into the human body with an infected animal’s body fluids or blood. Infection is transmitted through handling infected gorillas, fruit bats, chimpanzees, monkeys, porcupines and forest antelope, who are found ill or dead in the forest. Africa vast population depends on bushmeat for their survival, which can be a major root cause of the epidemic. Ebola spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission resulting from direct contact with the blood, organs, body fluids or secretions of infected people.

Mourners who have direct contact with the deceased body can play a role in the transmission of the virus. Even if a men have recovered from the disease can still pass on the infection through his semen. Health-care workers are also infected while treating suspected or confirmed EVD patients. Due to reuse of needless and lack of precautions, the outbreak has occurred in African hospitals. Airborne transmission is yet not recorded.

Ebola Outbreak Worldwide

Bats drop half-eaten fruits and land mammals such as duikers and gorillas eat those fallen fruits. This cause indirect transmission from one animal to entire animal populations, the virus was detected in the saliva of bats as per the research. Animal behavior, fruit production and other different factors trigger outbreaks among the animal and human populations.

Symptoms

Symptoms of virus begin with a flu-like stage such as fever, fatigue, headaches, and muscle, joint, and abdominal pain. Vomiting, lack of appetite and diarrhea are some common signs of infection. Infected person may experience chest pain, sore throat, hiccups, trouble in breath and swallowing. The average time to transfer the infection is 8 to 10 days, but sometime it varies between 2 and 21 days. In 50% case, the infected person may suffer from a maculopapular rash. The early symptoms of disease are similar to those of malaria, tropical fevers, or dengue fever before the virus reaches the bleeding stage.

Impaired blood clotting is reported in 40 to 50% cases wherein bleeding from nose, vagina, gums, gastrointestinal tract has been reported.  In the bleeding stage, there is severe reddening of eyes, coughing up blood, and blood vomit. Skin bleeding cause purpura, ecchymoses, petechiae, and hematomas. Constant blood loss and decrease level of white blood cells result in death.

Diagnosis

There are no treatments available for Ebola. There are disease you must diagnose before EVD which include- malaria, shigellosis, typhoid fever, cholera, plague, leptospirosis, rickettsiosis, meningitis, relapsing fever, hepatitis and other fevers.

ebola Virus

The patient should be isolated and health professional should carry necessary tests for further investigation on the virus.

Laboratory tests are as follows

Few days after symptoms occurs-

-ELISA- Antigen-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay testing

-IgM ELISA test

-PCR-Polymerase chain reaction

-Virus isolation

Later in the disease or after recovery

-IgM & IgG antibodies

After the patient’s death

-Immunohistochemistry testing

-PCR

-Virus isolation

No licensed treatment is available for the disease. Severely infected patients require intensive care. Patients require rehydration with intravenous fluids and electrolytes. New drug therapies and several vaccines are being evaluated.

 

Precautions

Since there are no official treatments available, raising awareness for Ebola virus and preventive measures can be taken to reduce infection spread throughout the world.

Ebola Prevantion

The following should focus on several factors in infected prone areas-

  • The wildlife-to-human transmission should be reduced. Eating infected fruit bats or monkeys should be avoided. Animals either infected or non-infected should be handled with appropriate clothing and gloves. Animal products like blood and meat should be cooked before eating.
  • Infected patient should be isolated with no human-to-human transmission, especially with bodily fluids or blood. Appropriate protective clothing and gloves should be worn before treating ill patients. Washing and sanitizing hand is required after treating patients.
  • Communities should raise awareness regarding the disease and its nature. The burial of dead bodies of infected patients should be carefully done. The funeral should be carefully done while mourners should not come close to the body.
  • Regular cleaning of pig and monkey farms should be done. If virus is suspected, the area should be restricted. The burial of infected animals should be done with close supervision to avoid spreading for virus to other animals or animal-to-human transmission.
  • Ebola virus is transmitted from one infected person to other through direct or indirect contact with body fluids or blood. Virus is easily transmitted to health workers due improper control measures taken at health care.
  • It is not easy to identify patients with Ebola infection, it is important for health workers to follow standard precautions with all patients. These include hand hygiene, the use of protective clothing and equipment, safe injection and burial practices.

Could there be an Outbreak in the World?

So far Ebola cases are reported in the Central and Western part of Africa. Ebola can spread from one country to other when infected people travel. It is possible to spread through country if an infected patient travels through different countries. Airport officials are taking essential measures to check people coming from Africa. Airline staffs are trained to track the symptoms of Ebola in passengers flying from infected place where virus is reported.

Cases reported

According to CDC estimates, around 3,000 Ebola cases are tracked down and more than 2,000 deaths are reported since 1976. In 2012, the outbreak was recorded in Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda. The Uganda outbreak took over a total of 24 cases and 17 deaths. The deadly outbreak was in Zaire in 1976, 280 out of 318 infected people died. In 2000, 224 infected people died due to Ebola in Uganda.

Ebola virus outbreaks

Year Country Cases Deaths Case fatality
2012 Democratic Republic of Congo 57 29 51%
2012 Uganda 7 4 57%
2012 Uganda 24 17 71%
2011 Uganda 1 1 100%
2008 Democratic Republic of Congo 32 14 44%
2007 Uganda 149 37 25%
2007 Democratic Republic of Congo 264 187 71%
2005 Congo 12 10 38%
2004 Sudan 17 7 41%
2003 (Nov-Dec) Congo 35 29 83%
2003 (Jan-Apr) Congo 143 128 90%
2001-2002 Congo 59 44 75%
2001-2002 Gabon 65 53 82%
2000 Uganda 425 224 53%
1996 South Africa 1 1 100%
1996 Gabon 60 45 75%
1996 Gabon 31 21 68%
1995 Democratic Republic of Congo 315 254 81%
1994 Cote d’Ivoire 1 0 0%
1994 Gabon 52 31 60%
1979 Sudan 34 22 65%
1977 Democratic Republic of Congo 1 1 100%
1976 Sudan 284 151 53%
1976 Democratic Republic of Congo 318 280 88%

Source: WHO

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Burn Belly Flat: Get Toned Flat Stomach With Three Easy Exercises
Health
Iblogauthor
May 21, 2014
0

Is belly fat your concern? We all love to wear bikini top but losing weight isn’t an easy task. One of the most common concerns of any women is how to lose belly fat that too easily. Belly fat is the most dangerous fat, large waist lines are signs of health issues. Stores of belly fat aka visceral fat sits around internal organs that increase a woman’s risk of heart disease and diabetes. Nothing to worry, visceral fat are active and can be cut down fast with balanced diet and exercise. However most women feel that losing weight or burning fat depends on hard-core exercise but that’s a myth. Losing weight depends on your diet, it’s like 90 percent diet and 10 percent exercise. The ball is in your court, play it healthy.

So if you’re looking for some easy-to-do exercise to get flat stomach this summer, here three exercises you must do it DAILY.

Plank: this is the one-stop-move for your belly fat. It not only tones your entire abdomen but also toughens and shapes arms, thighs and butt.

Full Plank

-          Full Plank: this exercise is for your abs muscles. Kneel on a mat with your hands straight under shoulders making a 90 degree. Stretch your lower portion slowly to form plank position-same as push-up. Make sure your body is straight, don’t lift your hips too high or don’t let them sag. Press your hands and heels firmly on the mat. Hold the position for at least 2 minutes and do 3 reps. (more…)

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Four Health Benefits of Meditation on Daily Life
Health
Iblogauthor
May 12, 2014
0

Meditation

Meditation is often regarded as spiritual exercise meant only for yogis and monks. However, it has gained mainstream popularity due to its many benefits. It’s a simple way to relax your mind, body and soul and it doesn’t have to be complicated. No spiritual belief or chanting mantras, it’s about focusing on breath and concentrating on deep thoughts. Meditating everyday is a sign of healthy lifestyle. But if you’re still thinking whether to go for meditation or not then this article is must-read for you. Here are four real benefits of meditation that enlightens your life and body.

Great for health:

Meditation is a great way to enhance your health. Meditation lowers your blood pressure and the risk of heart stroke and disease is reduced highly. If you suffer from stress, pain due to cancer, symptoms of fibromyalgia, or chronic pain or wish to avoid them then meditation is must for you. It reduces the level of cortisols, a hormone which weakens the healing power and also the immune system. It’s also good for Alzheimer’s disease. Daily meditation releases good hormones that burst stress and reduce stress-related diseases. Some other health benefits from regular meditation are-reduced weakness and fatigue, positive attitude on life, physical fitness, activeness, boost immune system, improved brain health.

Must for good sleep:                       

Due to workload, heavy tension and hectic lifestyle, our sleep cycles are disrupted which cause insomnia. Well, meditation is a good way to fix your sleep disorders and reduce the risk of insomnia. Start your day with 10 minutes of meditation and wipe out all stress-related disorders. It not only improves your health condition but it also gives you more “me” time. Regular meditation also improves your dreams and you’ll eventually experience more vivid dreams. A recent research conducted on chronic insomnia patients who performed regular meditation program for three months has improved their sleeping habits and related insomnia problems. A half an hour of meditation gives you more refreshing and deeper sleep. Even if you don’t have enough time to sleep, meditation daily will make you feel more energized as you wake up. If you meditate with deep concentration, you’ll experience fuller and healthier sleep.

Burn stress:

The only remedy for stress is meditation. Giving yourself some time and concentrating on tiny things that makes you feel calm helps to burn down stress. We all go through millions of tension around us, which leads to stress-related problems. Hence meditating for 15 minutes daily would be great for healthier stress-free life. Meditation is no longer restricted for adults. Many researchers have explored the meditation techniques with children and teenagers, which help them to curb anger, stress, depression, and improves mood disorders. Apart from physical benefit, regular meditation helps you relax not only while meditating but also throughout the day as well. If you feel calmer, you can handle situations wisely and experience a new sense of well-being. This personal development will help you identify negative problems in your life and incorporate more productive and positive approach.

Enhance creativity:

Meditation triggers Alpha and Theta activity in brain, a state of mind linked with creativity. Alpha and Theta? Alpha brain waves- the deep relaxation waves heighten your visualization, concentration, learning and memory. Theta- the sleeping and light meditation wave where you experience great inspiration, vivid visualizations, exceptional insight and profound creativity. These brain waves not only enhance creativity but it also promotes harmonization between the left and right hemispheres of brain and improving its overall health and function. Creative blocks are caused due to many external and internal factors and we get stuck in particular thought patterns. When we struggle to break through these blocks, meditating for few minutes will work like pressing the reset button. This all helps to enhance your creative level by providing ready-made mental visuals to work with.

Apart from this, if you’re blocked with unwanted mental prattle all through the day, and in search for some mental clarity and peace, meditation is the best thing you can do. Adapt habit of daily meditation for few minutes, which will improve awareness, concentration and ability to focus on work better.

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Healthy-Living Tips: Top Eight Ultimate Ways To Combat Summer Blues
Health
iblogauthor
April 2, 2014
0

Summers are frolic and fun but the harmful sunrays are not kind on your skin and body. The intense summer temperature doesn’t please many. Nobody wants to spend holiday destroyed by summer heat such as sunstroke, sunburn, fungal infections or dehydration. It’s good to be aware of few dos and don’ts of summer affair and sidestep all problems. But summer isn’t the time to hide and relax at home. It’s time to wear your favorite bikini, whip some old BBQs or go for beach matches. Summer has arrived and we bring you eight ways to be healthy in summer.

food

Eat Healthy: Spicy food is a big no-no for summer. Summer is meant for fresh fruits, veggies and some crunchy salad with your favorite dressing. In summer, you might face digestion problem or severe headaches it may be because of heat inside your body due to heavy calorie food intake. Hence, go easy on food. Start your day with healthy juice with oatmeal and later fresh salad with yoghurt dressing at lunch and end your day with light-weight food or fresh fruit salad. Too much coffee and tea will increase urination, which leads to water loss. Hence avoid heavy intake of caffeine. (more…)

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